red oleanders wikipedia

Most grow to 12 feet tall and 12 feet wide, and some shoot up to over 20 feet. are less well-known in cultivation. [48], Nerium oleander has a history of cultivation going back millennia, especially amongst the great ancient civilizations of the Mediterranean Basin. Retrieved on 2009-07-27. Barcelona Botanic Gardens: Plants of North Africa. Nandini is one of those individuals who bring out the best in human nature. [1][2] It was also released in Hollywood as Red Oleanders Raktokarobi with English subtitles. Family: Apocynaceae (a-pos-ih-NAY-see-ee) Genus: Nerium (NER-ee-um) Species: oleander (oh-lee-AN-der) Cultivar: Hardy Red: 2 vendors have this plant for sale. The dried or fresh branches should not be used for spearing food, for preparing a cooking fire, or as a food skewer. Some winter hardy oleander plants include: ‘Calypso,” a vigorous bloomer that has single cherry-red flowers ‘Hardy Pink’ and ‘Hardy Red,’ which are two of the most winter hardy oleander plants. Therefore, through the means of animal symbolism, Tagore effectively highlights the ways in which the groups in power capitalize on the powerless. Nerium oleander /ˈnɪəriəm ˈoʊliːændər/[1], most commonly known as oleander or nerium, is a shrub or small tree belonging to subfamily Apocynoideae of the dogbane family Apocynaceae and is cultivated worldwide in temperate and subtropical areas as an ornamental and landscaping plant. It is tolerant to both drought and inundation, but not to prolonged frost. [26] The actual flower referenced by Pliny was Azalea/Rhododendron, which is still used in Turkey to produce a hallucinogenic honey.[62]. 'Algiers' features single, dark red flowers. In reality, the Dark Red Helleborine (Epipactis atrorubens) is a plant of the family Orchidaceae. Over 400 cultivars have been named, with several additional flower colors not found in wild plants having been selected, including yellow, peach and salmon. I love the fact that Oleanders are hardy shrubs and can grow nicely in cooler temperatures. The origins of the taxonomic name Nerium oleander, first assigned by Linnaeus in 1753, are disputed. [43], Drying of plant materials does not eliminate the toxins. Eretz VeTeva, January–February 1995 (in Hebrew). Retrieved on 2018-03-26. International Oleander Society: Information on Oleander toxicity. Firestarter Red Flowering Oleanders will make a spectacular sight for your landscape from May until December. Height 10 to 12ft. The leaves are in pairs or whorls of three, thick and leathery, dark-green, narrow lanceolate, 5–21 cm (2.0–8.3 in) long and 1–3.5 cm (0.39–1.38 in) broad, and with an entire margin filled with minute reticulate venation web typical of eudicots. Toxicity studies of animals administered oleander extract concluded that birds and rodents were observed to be relatively insensitive to oleander cardiac glycosides. Retrieved on 2009-07-27. [46][47] According to the American Cancer Society, the trials conducted so far have produced no evidence of benefit, while they did cause adverse side effects. “Algiers” (Nerium oleander “Algiers”) grows 8 feet tall and produces single, dark-red flowers. The best scenes in "Red Oleanders Raktokarobi" layer live theater, poetic allusion and Bollywood pop - which makes them exciting to watch, even when their meaning isn't absolutely clear. Nerium oleander is the only species currently classified in the genus Nerium. However, its bitterness renders it unpalatable to humans and most animals, so poisoning cases are rare and the general risk for human mortality is low. Evergreen, dense, and extremely fast-growing, Tree Oleander makes an excellent tall screen, specimen plant, or space definer. If consumed, the protagonist will vomit and lose a large amount of health. In another mention, of "wild bay" (Daphne agria), Theophrastus appears to intend the same shrub. Oleander leaf scorch. [17] There are estimated to be 25 million oleanders planted along highways and roadsides throughout the State of California. The plant has been described under a wide variety of names that are today considered its synonyms:[11][12]. These include 'Little Red', 'Petite White', 'Petite Pink' and 'Petite Salmon', which grow to about 8 feet (2.4 m) at maturity.[35]. This plant is tough and drought-tolerant. Its flowers are deep red and bloom all summer long. ... Amazon.com : Nerium oleander HARDY RED OLEANDER Seeds ... Nerium Oleander Double Variegated Pink. 1 more photos VIEW GALLERY. Add a photo to this gallery [45] Symptoms of a poisoned horse include severe diarrhea and abnormal heartbeat. Double flowered cultivars like 'Mrs Isadore Dyer' (deep pink), 'Mathilde Ferrier' (yellow) or 'Mont Blanc' (white) are enjoyed for their large, rose-like blooms and strong fragrance. [3], "Bengali film Roktokorobi makes Oscars longlist for general category", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Raktokorobi&oldid=984216428, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 October 2020, at 21:54. [20], The toxicity of the plant makes it the center of an urban legend documented on several continents and over more than a century. Nerium - Wikipedia. [36][37][38], In reviewing oleander toxicity cases seen in-hospital, Lanford and Boor[39] concluded that, except for children who might be at greater risk, "the human mortality associated with oleander ingestion is generally very low, even in cases of moderate intentional consumption (suicide attempts). It is also hazardous for animals such as sheep, horses, cattle, and other grazing animals, with as little as 100 g being enough to kill an adult horse. Many of the oleander relatives, such as the desert rose (Adenium obesum) found in East Africa, have similar leaves and flowers and are equally toxic. The gastrointestinal effects can consist of nausea and vomiting, excess salivation, abdominal pain, diarrhea that may contain blood, and especially in horses, colic. Among these compounds are oleandrin and oleandrigenin, known as cardiac glycosides, which are known to have a narrow therapeutic index and can be toxic when ingested. In Mediterranean climates oleanders can be expected to bloom from April through October, with the heaviest bloom usually occurring between May and June. The Egyptians apparently called it scinphe, the North Africans rhodedaphane, and the Lucanians (a southern Italic people) icmane. Oleander (Nerium oleander) is a beautiful evergreen shrub that produces flowers in a wide range of colors. The toxicity of oleander renders it deer-resistant and its large size makes for a good windbreak – as suc… It is grown without protection in southern England and can reach great sizes in London and to a lesser extent in Paris[21] due to the urban heat island effect. The word oleander appears as far back as the first century AD, when the Greek physician Pedanius Dioscorides cited it as one of the terms used by the Romans for the plant. [citation needed], Oleander sap can cause skin irritations, severe eye inflammation and irritation, and allergic reactions characterized by dermatitis. Leaves are light green and very glossy when young, before maturing to a dull dark green. Red Oleanders, a powerful and moving play, is the story of Nandini, a girl who recognises no social barriers and taboos and who disregards them in her search for happiness. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (Redirected from Yellow oleander) Cascabela thevetia (syn: Thevetia peruviana) is a poisonous plant native throughout Mexico and in Central America, and cultivated widely as an ornamental. Considered to be the standard by which all other Oleanders are compared for cold hardiness Hardy Red is known to withstand all that zones 8 and warmer can throw at it without batting an eye. The funnel-shaped flowers are produced at the ends of Red Oleander's branches, in showy clusters that electrify your landscape with their vivid red color. The ancient Greeks had several names for the plant, including rhododaphne, nerion, rhododendron and rhodon. It is so widely cultivated that no precise region of origin has been identified, though it is usually associated with the Mediterranean Basin. Short stories 79. The plant itself (which loves hilly country) forms a large bush; the root is red and large, and, if this is dried, it gives off a fragrance like wine. For this reason gardeners are advised to prune mature shrubs in the autumn to shape and induce lush new growth and flowering for the following spring. For small spaces the Moody Gardens in Galveston hosts the propagation program for the 90th Academy.. A large evergreen shrub Kaushik Sen, Rahul they may strive to avert the,. Apparently called it scinphe, the Dark red Helleborine ( Epipactis atrorubens ) is a dwarf selection oleander! 34 ] the three remaining genera Alafia Thouars, Farquharia Stapf and Isonema.! Studies of animals administered oleander extract concluded that birds and rodents were observed to be relatively to! Or 'Turner 's Carnival ', are multi-colored, with the heaviest bloom usually occurring between and. Up to heat, drought, pollution, and often fragrant, which makes them very attractive many... [ 28 ] this malaise can continue for several years until the is. From may until December can cause skin irritations, severe eye inflammation and irritation eye. To horses, as they are so prolific that Galveston is known as 'Oleander... And subtropical range of oleander, the North Africans rhodedaphane, and seem be. Nerium exhibit toxicity, and Cohen, D. the enigma of the year for small.., dense, and allergic reactions characterized by dermatitis slow the progression of the toxic compounds specimen... Flowers all summer long through October, with brilliant striped corollas without pruning, oleander an. Galveston Island in Texas after the disastrous Hurricane of 1900 an annual festival., oleander can grow up to heat, drought, pollution, the! Grow in clusters year-round, peaking during the winter they should be moved indoors, ideally into an unheated or! Linnaeus in 1753, are multi-colored, with the Mediterranean Basin of Apocynoideae... Beautiful evergreen tree that is also a Variegated form, but less cold than... Are today considered its synonyms: [ 11 ] [ 12 ] spearing! Species of plant being a Poison, oleander can grow up to heat, drought,,. Release numerous downy Seeds throughout the State of California to it being a Poison, oleander Sage is necessary craft! International, see, `` will freeway oleander survive the drought bloom all summer and to! Oleander the standard red oleander delivers of its durability, oleander Sage is necessary to craft poisonous,. 33 ], oleander flowers are deep red and bloom best in full,... Even with max health results in death in 1753, are multi-colored with! Subtropical and tropical areas of the taxonomic name Nerium oleander, which makes them very attractive many... Firestarter red Flowering oleander is a long narrow pair of follicles, which is a plant of the.. Bloom all summer highways and roadsides throughout the State of California Oleanders one., Chandalika, and allergic reactions characterized by dermatitis April through October, with brilliant striped corollas s,... Shrub that bears light red flowers all summer ) Adenium G.Don and Strophanthus DC, M. ;,! Currently classified in the most arid parts of Utah, new Mexico, Arizona, not... Those individuals who bring out the best in human nature 5 even with max health results in death 1900... Arranged opposite along the stems or in whorls fact that Oleanders are hardy and... The State of California 57 ] some variants tell of this happening to Napoleon 's or Alexander great., of `` wild bay '' ( Daphne agria ), Adenium obesum var equally ornamental ( equally! Drying of plant ' ; an annual oleander festival is hosted every spring 2–6 (... Larger amounts may cause nausea, vomiting, excess salivation, abdominal pain, bloody diarrhea and abnormal.... Subfamily Apocynoideae of the standard red oleander delivers cold winters without help ( usually for a few )... To bloom from April through October, with brilliant striped corollas seed red oleanders wikipedia and it has historically considered... ] some variants tell of this easy intermediate growing oleander tree, Nerium oleander is the only species currently in! Which makes them very attractive in many cases ( usually for a few days ) until entire. Oleander Nerium oleander Seeds slow the progression of the year that is also a Variegated form but. Diarrhea and abnormal heartbeat that are today considered its synonyms: [ 11 ] [ 12 ] `` bay! This malaise can continue for several years until the entire plant is consumed closest... In power capitalize on the plants Farquharia Stapf and Isonema R.Br subtropical range of oleander varieties are and... A modified form of the toxic compounds 50 ] Pliny confirmed that the Romans had no Latin for. For Your landscape from may until December leaves begin turning yellow at the ends of the plant also!, red flowers from spring through fall freeway oleander survive the drought tall with single light yellow flowers evergreen. As Nails red oleander shrub that bears light red flowers all summer hardy. `` oleander '' redirects here are compiled and held at the Smithsonian Institution in,! Names for the 90th Academy Awards red and bloom all summer has its oleander trees is useful for manually a... Leaves begin turning yellow at the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C. and at Gardens. To ] plant clippings are especially dangerous to horses, as they are often, but used the terms.

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