Thus, a horse described as "15.2 h" is 15 hands plus 2 inches, for a total of 62 inches (157.5 cm) in height. Humans provide domesticated horses with food, water, and shelter, as well as attention from specialists such as veterinarians and farriers. Plains zebra groups also live in a fission–fusion society.  Both live horses and iconic images of horses are used in advertising to promote a variety of products.  Horses of the same color may be distinguished from one another by white markings, which, along with various spotting patterns, are inherited separately from coat color.  The drug Premarin is a mixture of estrogens extracted from the urine of pregnant mares (pregnant mares' urine), and was previously a widely used drug for hormone replacement therapy.  Grévy's zebras can survive almost a week without water but will drink daily when it is plentiful and conserve water well. They are sometimes featured as a major character in films about particular animals, but also used as visual elements that assure the accuracy of historical stories. 59 71 7.  Horses and other equids are odd-toed ungulates of the order Perissodactyla, a group of mammals that was dominant during the Tertiary period.  However, Australian Thoroughbred racing defines colts and fillies as less than four years old.. "Further evidence for male infanticide and feticide in captive plains zebra, "The Story Of... Zebra and the Puzzle of African Animals", "Can Zebras Be Domesticated and Trained? Carel Weight's Escape of the Zebra from the Zoo during an Air Raid was based on a real life incident of a zebra escaping during the bombing of London Zoo and consists of four panels like a comic book. , Horses are mammals, and as such are warm-blooded, or endothermic creatures, as opposed to cold-blooded, or poikilothermic animals. , Horses that have a white coat color are often mislabeled; a horse that looks "white" is usually a middle-aged or older gray. Wild horses live on land owned by the government in the U.S. European wild horses, the Dulman horses, live in woodlands and forests in Germany. Ponies are taxonomically the same animals as horses. How the zebra got its stripes has been the subject of folk tales, some of which involve it being scorched by fire.  Hot bloods tend to be spirited, bold, and learn quickly. Squealing is usually made when in pain, but bachelors also squeal while play fighting. Notable zebra art includes Christopher Wood's Zebra and Parachute, Lucian Freud's The Painter's Room and Quince on a Blue Table and the various paintings of Mary Fedden and Sidney Nolan. , People of all ages with physical and mental disabilities obtain beneficial results from an association with horses. «Wild Horses» er ein song av the Rolling Stones på albumet Sticky Fingers frå 1971, skriven av Mick Jagger og Keith Richards. Horses have been used in the 21st century by the Janjaweed militias in the War in Darfur.  A stallion may look after a foal in his territory to ensure that the mother stays, though it may not be his.  Related to this need to flee from predators in the wild is an unusual trait: horses are able to sleep both standing up and lying down, with younger horses tending to sleep significantly more than adults. Some dictionaries define bronco as untrained range horses that roam freely in western North America, and may associate them with Mustangs; but they are not necessarily feral or wild horses.  With rare exceptions, most hybrids are sterile and cannot reproduce..  For the protection of the hoof under certain conditions, some horses have horseshoes placed on their feet by a professional farrier. 33 25 18. One trainer believes that "intelligent" horses are reflections of intelligent trainers who effectively use response conditioning techniques and positive reinforcement to train in the style that best fits with an individual animal's natural inclinations. Zebra stripes come in different patterns, unique to each individual.  The film Racing Stripes features a captive zebra ostracised from the horses and ending up being ridden by a rebellious girl. Horses are amazing animals. It is believed to play a key role in the social interactions of horses as well as detecting other key scents in the environment. Flattened ears, bared teeth, and abrupt movement of the heads may be used as threatening gestures, particularly among stallions. Social grooming strengthens social bonds in plains and mountain zebras. The variation in the genetic material shows that very few wild stallions contributed to the domestic horse, while many mares were part of early domesticated herds. For example, North American mustangs are the descendants of Iberian horses brought over by Spanish explorers more than 400 years ago. Sometimes their meat was used for pet food.Nina Sen contributed to this article.Other resources: 1. Wild horses look a lot like domesticated horses, but they have stronger legs. , Domesticated four-footed mammal from the equine family, International Federation for Equestrian Sports, "Usage of 17 specific names based on wild species which are pre-dated by or contemporary with those based on domestic animals (Lepidoptera, Osteichthyes, Mammalia): conserved.  Other horse breeds had been developed specifically for light agricultural work, carriage and road work, various sport disciplines, or simply as pets.  Molecular evidence supports zebras as a monophyletic lineage. The traditional standard for height of a horse or a pony at maturity is 14.2 hands (58 inches, 147 cm). , Horses must lie down to reach REM sleep. He stood 21.2 1⁄4 hands (86.25 inches, 219 cm) high and his peak weight was estimated at 1,524 kilograms (3,360 lb).  It is eaten in many parts of the world, though consumption is taboo in some cultures, and a subject of political controversy in others. The last known wild quagga died in 1878. Some plants are dangerous for them like ragwort, lemongrass (oil grass) and sometimes acorns..  Sometimes horses are ridden without a saddle, and occasionally, horses are trained to perform without a bridle or other headgear.  Protected areas for the plains zebra include the Serengeti National Park in Tanzania, Tsavo and Masai Mara in Kenya, Hwange National Park in Zimbabwe, Etosha National Park in Namibia, and Kruger National Park in South Africa.  Living in an arid environment, Grévy's zebras have longer nursing intervals and do not drink water until they are three months old.  A newborn zebra will follow anything that moves, so new mothers prevent others from approaching their foals while imprinting their own striping pattern, scent and vocalisation on them. The most sensitive areas are around the eyes, ears, and nose. The quagga, a type of plains zebra, was driven to extinction in the 19th century. Wikipedia is hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation, a non-profit organization that also hosts a range of other projects. Staying in a territory offers a female protection from harassment by outside males, as well as access to a renewable resource. David Thompson , one of the first explorers to cross the Rocky Mountains, saw wild horses near the headwaters of the Columbia River in 1807, attributing their presence to losses from local First Nations herds.  Fossil skulls of E. mauritanicus from Algeria which date to around 1 mya appears to show affinities with the plains zebra. , Horses are prey animals with a strong fight-or-flight response. Equus koobiforensis is an early zebra or equine basal to zebras found in the Shungura Formation, Ethiopia and the Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania, and dated to around 2.3 mya. Shoulders against each other and rest their heads on one another hunted for meat! Have even been morphs with white spots wild horses facts wikipedia dark backgrounds to fully them! 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